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INFLUENCE OF FAMILY STRUCTURE ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KIAMBU COUNTY, KENYA

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dc.contributor.author Graceann Wanjiru Kimaru, Newton Mukolwe,James M. Kimani
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-26T06:14:32Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-26T06:14:32Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.issn 2394-5788
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/10577
dc.description.abstract Globally,urbanization, industrialization, globalization, changing cultural trends and the social metric shift of the late 20th century has led to profound change in family patterns worldwide over the last five decades. The trends indicate that the number of children living in two parent families is declining sharply. On the other hand, the trend shows that the number of children living in single parent families is on the increase. These trends in the family structure have major implications on-school arson and strikes, bullying, and examination malpractices among secondary school students is becoming a major challenge in Kenya. These problems are linked to psychosocial distress caused partly by family structures. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of family structure on students’ academic performance. In addition, the study also sought to find out the gender and school type differences in academic performance. The study wasanchored on Maslow’s Hierarchy of need’s theories. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Purposive sampling, stratified random sampling and simple random sampling designs were used accordingly to select 385 form four students. These sampling procedures yielded 194 boys and 191 girls for the study. A self-administered questionnaire containing a sub- scale on schooling behaviorand score sheets for the 2017 form four Kenya national examination were used for data collection. This questionnaire was initially piloted to assert its validity and reliability. The hypotheses on the influence of family structure on academic performancewas tested using Kruskal Wallis H test (one-way ANOVA on ranks). On the other hand, the hypotheses on gender and school type mean differences in academic performance were tested by Independent Samples t-Test and Kruskal Wallis H test respectively . All the tests were carried out at 0.05 level of significance. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20 was used in tabulation of variables, generation of appropriate frequency percentages and calculating the relevant statistics. The study findings indicate that majority of students hadbelow average academic performance.No statistically significant influence of family structure academic performance was found. However, a statistically significant academic performance mean difference by school type attended was found. The findings of study are expected to be of importance to educators, teachers and parents in understanding the influence of family structure on students’ academic performance and how to improve the academic performance of students from the various family structures. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title INFLUENCE OF FAMILY STRUCTURE ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KIAMBU COUNTY, KENYA en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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